EDITORIAL NOTE: As a result of losing more than one million men to the war, women outnumber men to a ratio of 100 to 88 causing women to "xin con" or to ask men to impregnate them by favor outside marital bonding.
This is the long term result of the flawed policy of Hanoi leaders who wanted to win so much that they did not care about the people they led.

A Tiny Village Where Women Chose to Be Single Mothers

Julie Cohn

http://www.nytimes.com/2013/02/15/world/asia/in-vietnam-some-chose-to-be-single-mothers.html?hp&_r=0

LOI, Vietnam — They had no plan to break barriers or cause trouble. But 30 years ago in this bucolic village in northern Vietnam, the fierce determination of one group of women to become mothers upended centuries-old gender rules and may have helped open the door for a nation to redefine parenthood.

One recent morning in Loi, as farmers in conical straw hats waded quietly through rice paddies, a small group of women played with their grandchildren near a stream. Their husbands were nowhere to be found, not because they perished in the war, but because the women decided to have children without husbands.